The increasing challenge of heart failure: improving outcomes - Introduction
Despite advances in management, heart failure (HF) remains a deadly clinical syndrome, with a five-year survival of 58% compared with 93% in the matched general UK population. In this comprehensive supplement, my colleagues provide excellent reviews of all aspects of chronic and acute HF, from epidemiology, through diagnosis, lifestyle interventions, pharmacological and device therapies to implementation of current guidelines. Rather than regurgitating the content of their articles, I would like to pick out some areas worthy of thought and discussion. I will discuss challenges to clinicians in the diagnosis and management of HF, diagnostic use of natriuretic peptides (NPs), newer medical therapies and their future use, device therapies, and implementation of the evidence base into clinical practice.