Heart failure today: the challenge
Heart failure (HF) was singled out as an emerging epidemic in 1997. Since then, rates have continued to rise and it remains a major public health problem with a prevalence of
more than 23 million worldwide. HF is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs, particularly in the over-65s. Changes in the case mix mean more
patients are presenting with preserved ejection fraction, for which management is aimed to stop progression, relieve symptoms, eliminate exacerbations and reduce the mortality. Despite reductions in HF-related mortality, hospitalisations remain frequent and readmissions continue to rise. It is these admissions to hospital that put a financial
strain on the local health economy, and cause stress and anxiety for the patient and supporting family.